Needham, MA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Needham, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The Needham Census Designated Place is a community or populated place (Class Code U5) located in Norfolk County at latitude 42.2816 and longitude -71.2424. Norfolk County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 174 feet.

The formal official name is the Needham Census Designated Place, but most people and references simply refer to it as Needham, Massachusetts.

The U5 Census Class Code for Needham indicates a populated place that is also a census designated place with the same name.. The Census Designated Place has a Functional Status Code "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The formal boundaries for the Needham Census Designated Place (see map below) encompass a land area of 12.29 sq. miles and a water area of 0.43 sq. miles.

Needham Census Designated Place, MA Boundary Map


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Boundary Maps: Town of Needham | Norfolk County | Massachusetts Counties

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Needham, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2014)


Total Population 29,064
Population in Households 28,257
Population in Familes 25,028
Population in Group Qrtrs 807
Population Density1 2,366
Diversity Index2 24


Total Households 10,369
Average Household Size 2.73
Family Households 7,798
Average Family Size 3


Total Housing Units 11,260 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,713 (77.4%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,656 (14.7%)
Vacant Housing Units 891 ( 7.9%)
Median Home Value $727,681
Average Home Value $788,247


Median Household Income $141,511
Average Household Income $175,508
Per Capita Income $62,689
  (Compound Annual Growth Rates)


2010-2014 2014-2019
Population 0.14% 0.38%
Households 0.06% 0.34%
Families 0.02% 0.32%
Median Household Income   3.58%
Per Capita Income   3.96%
1) Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
2) The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelyhood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
Based on Census 2010 counts, the Diversity Index for the United States was 60.6 and it is expected to increase to 64.8 by July 1, 2018.


Needham, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Needham to the other 244 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2014 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 46 82nd
Population Density1 # 64 74th
Diversity Index2 # 97 61st
Median Household Income # 6 98th
Per Capita Income # 6 98th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.