Gloucester, MA Profile: Facts & Data


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Gloucester, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The City of Gloucester had a population of 29,536 as of July 1, 2020.

The primary coordinate point for Gloucester is located at latitude 42.6159 and longitude -70.662 in Essex County. The formal boundaries for the City of Gloucester encompass a land area of 26.19 sq. miles and a water area of 15.31 sq. miles. Essex County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 56 feet.

The City of Gloucester (GNIS ID: 618297) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Gloucester: Glocester, Gloucester Harbor, The Harbor, Wingaersheek, Wonasquam.


Gloucester, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2020)


Total Population 29,536 (100%)
Population in Households 29,003 (98.2%)
Population in Families 22,158 (75.0%)
Population in Group Quarters1 533 ( 1.8%)
Population Density 1,127
Diversity Index2 24


Median Household Income $67,959
Average Household Income $99,457
% of Income for Mortgage4 30%
Per Capita Income $42,821
Wealth Index5 127


Total HU (Housing Units) 14,840 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 7,733 (52.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 4,973 (33.5%)
Vacant Housing Units 2,134 (14.4%)
Median Home Value $481,726
Average Home Value $630,499
Housing Affordability Index3 75


Total Households 12,706
Average Household Size 2.28
Family Households 7,571
Average Family Size 3
  1. Group Quarters - a place where people live or stay in a group living arrangement. Includes college residents halls, nursing facilities, military barracks, and correctional facilities.
  2. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different races or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  3. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  4. The % of Income for Mortgage quantifies the percentage of median household income dedicated to mortgage payments on a home priced at the median value (assuming a 30-year mortgage and a 20% down payment).
  5. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.


2010-2020 2020-2025
Population 0.25% 0.53%
Households 0.17% 0.44%
Families 0.08% 0.4%
Median Household Income   1.36%
Per Capita Income   1.67%
Owner Occupied HU   0.28%


Gloucester, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Gloucester to the other 245 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2020 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 48 81st
Population Density # 151 39th
Median Household Income # 161 35th
Housing Affordability Index # 27 11th
Per Capita Income # 117 53rd
Diversity Index # 133 46th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.

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