Salem, MA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Salem, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The City of Salem had a population of 44,280 as of July 1, 2017. Salem ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Massachusetts. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Salem is located at latitude 42.5013 and longitude -70.8975 in Essex County. The formal boundaries for the City of Salem (see map below) encompass a land area of 8.28 sq. miles and a water area of 10.01 sq. miles. Essex County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 13 feet.

The City of Salem (GNIS ID: 619453) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Salem population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Salem: Naamkeek, Naumkeag, Nehumkeke.

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City of Salem, MA Boundary Map

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Salem, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 44,280
Daytime Population: Workers 27,801
Daytime Population: Residents 21,338
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 49,139
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.11
Population in Households 42,244
Population in Familes 29,804
Population in Group Qrtrs 2,036
Population Density2 5,348
Diversity Index3 63


Median Household Income $61,605
Average Household Income $81,087
Per Capita Income $35,485


Total Housing Units 20,084 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 9,050 (45.1%)
Renter Occupied HU 9,839 (49.0%)
Vacant Housing Units 1,195 ( 6.0%)
Median Home Value $340,723
Average Home Value $382,329


Total Households 18,889
Average Household Size 2.24
Family Households 10,126
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.95% 0.88%
Households 0.79% 0.84%
Families 0.67% 0.77%
Median Household Income   2.55%
Per Capita Income   2.97%

Salem, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Salem to the other 246 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 30 88th
Population Density # 19 93rd
Diversity Index # 23 91st
Median Household Income # 165 33rd
Per Capita Income # 146 41st

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.

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