Needham, MA Profile: Facts, Map & Data


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Needham, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The Needham Census Designated Place had a population of 30,443 as of July 1, 2017. Needham ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Massachusetts. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Needham is located at latitude 42.2816 and longitude -71.2424 in Norfolk County. The formal boundaries for the Needham Census Designated Place (see map below) encompass a land area of 12.29 sq. miles and a water area of 0.43 sq. miles. Norfolk County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 174 feet.

The Needham Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2378176) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The Needham Census Designated Place is located within Town of Needham, a minor civil division (MCD) of Norfolk County.

Beneath the boundary map are tables with Needham population, income and housing data, five-year growth projections and peer comparisons for key demographic data. The estimates are for July 1, 2017.

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Needham Census Designated Place, MA Boundary Map

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Needham, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2017)


Total Population 30,443
Daytime Population: Workers 22,578
Daytime Population: Residents 14,964
Total Daytime Population (TDP) 37,542
Ratio TDP/Total Population1 1.23
Population in Households 29,659
Population in Familes 26,233
Population in Group Qrtrs 784
Population Density2 2,478
Diversity Index3 28


Median Household Income $148,171
Average Household Income $205,668
Per Capita Income $73,124


Total Housing Units 11,541 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,850 (76.7%)
Renter Occupied HU 1,895 (16.4%)
Vacant Housing Units 796 ( 6.9%)
Median Home Value $739,426
Average Home Value $805,958


Total Households 10,745
Average Household Size 2.76
Family Households 8,052
Average Family Size 3
  1. If the ratio of the TDP to Total Population is greater than 1, the location gains population during the day when commuting workers are present. If the ratio is less than 1, the location is more of a bedroom community where people commute to another place for work.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2017 2017-2022
Population 0.73% 0.66%
Households 0.53% 0.6%
Families 0.45% 0.55%
Median Household Income   1.01%
Per Capita Income   1.63%

Needham, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Needham to the other 246 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2017 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 45 82nd
Population Density # 61 76th
Diversity Index # 96 61st
Median Household Income # 7 98th
Per Capita Income # 7 98th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.

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