Needham, MA Profile: Facts & Data


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Needham, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The Needham Census Designated Place had a population of 31,007 as of July 1, 2018. Needham ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Massachusetts. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Needham is located at latitude 42.2816 and longitude -71.2424 in Norfolk County. The formal boundaries for the Needham Census Designated Place (see map below) encompass a land area of 12.29 sq. miles and a water area of 0.43 sq. miles. Norfolk County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 174 feet.

The Needham Census Designated Place (GNIS ID: 2378176) has a U1 Census Class Code which indicates a census designated place with an official federally recognized name. It also has a Functional Status Code of "S" which identifies a statistical entity.

The Needham Census Designated Place is located within Town of Needham, a minor civil division (MCD) of Norfolk County.

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  1. Needham 2018 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Needham (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Massachusetts Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Massachusetts Data Comparison Tool - 2018 Demographics

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Boundary Maps, Demographic Data, School Zones Review maps and data for the neighborhood, city, county, ZIP Code, and school zone. July 1, 2018, data includes home values, household income, percentage of homes owned, rented or vacant, etc.


Needham, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2018)


Total Population 31,007
Population in Households 30,234
Population in Familes 26,846
Population in Group Qrtrs 773
Population Density2 2,524
Diversity Index3 29


Median Household Income $152,679
Average Household Income $209,778
Per Capita Income $74,747


Total Housing Units 11,869 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 8,819 (74.3%)
Renter Occupied HU 2,153 (18.1%)
Vacant Housing Units 897 ( 7.6%)
Median Home Value $822,747
Average Home Value $920,668


Total Households 10,972
Average Household Size 2.76
Family Households 8,233
Average Family Size 3
  1. Demographics are point estimates for July 1st of the current year and each for the forecast years. See References for more information.
  2. Population Density = Total Population per square mile.
  3. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.


2010-2018 2018-2023
Population 0.86% 1.02%
Households 0.72% 0.99%
Families 0.67% 0.94%
Median Household Income   0.88%
Per Capita Income   1.7%

Needham, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Needham to the other 246 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2018 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 45 82nd
Population Density # 61 76th
Diversity Index # 98 61st
Median Household Income # 7 98th
Per Capita Income # 7 98th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.

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