Boston, MA Profile: Facts & Data

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Boston, Massachusetts - Basic Facts

The City of Boston is the largest city in Massachusetts with a population of 687,725 as of July 1, 2019. Boston ranks in the upper quartile for Population Density and Diversity Index when compared to the other cities, towns and Census Designated Places (CDPs) in Massachusetts. See peer rankings below.

The primary coordinate point for Boston is located at latitude 42.3584 and longitude -71.0598 in Suffolk County. The formal boundaries for the City of Boston encompass a land area of 48.37 sq. miles and a water area of 41.28 sq. miles. Suffolk County is in the Eastern time zone (GMT -5). The elevation is 46 feet.

The City of Boston (GNIS ID: 619463) has a C5 Census Class Code which indicates an active incorporated place that is independent of any county subdivision and serves as a county subdivision equivalent. It also has a Functional Status Code of "A" which identifies an active government providing primary general-purpose functions.

Alternate Unofficial Names for Boston: Baston, Mushauwomuk, Old Boston, Shawmut, Shawmutt, Shawnnut, Totant, Tramount, Tremont, Trimountain, Trimountaine, Wahstoronòn:ke, Wastok.

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  1. Boston 2019 Demographic Data
  2. Growth Rates for Boston (Historical & 5-Year Forecast)
  3. Peer Comparisons (Rank and Percentile)
  1. Neighborhoods Demographics (Home Values, Household Income, etc.)
  2. Massachusetts Research Tools (Easy Tools & Current Data)
  3. Massachusetts Data Comparison Tool - 2019 Demographics

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Boston, MA Data & Demographics (As of July 1, 2019)

HOUSING AFFORDABILITY INDEX

Boston, MA Housing Affordability Index is 65
State of Massachusetts Housing Affordability Index is 87
The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.

WEALTH INDEX

Boston, MA Wealth Index is 89
State of Massachusetts Wealth Index is 139
The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

These new demographic attributes are availiable for cities, Counties, ZIP Codes and even neighborhoods (Census Blocks) when you search by a specific Massachusetts address.

See our:

  1. New 2-Minute Introduction and Concise Guide to Big Data which will help you make the most effective use of HomeTownLocator Tools.
  2. References & Data Sources page for more information about methodology and sources of data.

POPULATION

Total Population 687,725
Population in Households 637,838
Population in Familes 396,769
Population in Group Qrtrs 49,887
Population Density 14,228
Diversity Index1 78
 

INCOME

Median Household Income $68,628
Average Household Income $102,836
Per Capita Income $42,284
Wealth Index3 89

HOUSING

Total Housing Units 299,039 (100%)
Owner Occupied HU 97,312 (32.5%)
Renter Occupied HU 181,945 (60.8%)
Vacant Housing Units 19,782 ( 6.6%)
Median Home Value $531,171
Housing Affordability Index2 65
 

HOUSEHOLDS

Total Households 279,257
Average Household Size 2.28
Family Households 127,609
Average Family Size 3
NOTES
  1. The Diversity Index is a scale of 0 to 100 that represents the likelihood that two persons, chosen at random from the same area, belong to different race or ethnic groups. If an area's entire population belongs to one race AND one ethnic group, then the area has zero diversity. An area's diversity index increases to 100 when the population is evenly divided into two or more race/ethnic groups.
  2. The Housing Affordability Index base is 100 and represents a balance point where a resident with a median household income can normally qualify to purchase a median price home. Values above 100 indicate increased affordability, while values below 100 indicate decreased affordability.
  3. The Wealth Index is based on a number of indicators of affluence including average household income and average net worth, but it also includes the value of material possessions and resources. It represents the wealth of the area relative to the national level. Values above or below 100 represent above-average wealth or below-average wealth compared to the national level.

GROWTH RATE / YEAR

2010-2019 2019-2024
Population 1.17% 1.09%
Households 1.09% 1.1%
Families 1.01% 1.06%
Median Household Income   3.49%
Per Capita Income   3.05%

Boston, MA - Peer Comparisons by Rank and Percentile

The table below compares Boston to the other 246 incorporated cities, towns and CDPs in Massachusetts by rank and percentile using July 1, 2019 data. The location Ranked # 1 has the highest value. A location that ranks higher than 75% of its peers would be in the 75th percentile of the peer group.

Variable Description Rank Percentile
Total Population # 1 100th
Population Density # 4 99th
Diversity Index # 7 98th
Median Household Income # 160 35th
Per Capita Income # 115 54th

Additional comparisons and rankings can be made with a VERY EASY TO USE Massachusetts Census Data Comparison Tool.

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